Center for
Lifelong Music Making
APC Action Research Results

Affirming Parallel Concepts (APC) is a strategy that uses singing and playing singing games  to practice reading and math skills

 

Letter Sound Acquisition 

Lincoln Elementary, Minneapolis Public Schools, MN
 

The kindergartners outscored all 50 elementary schools in the district and made the most growth of any school from fall to winter.  This occurred for two consecutive years with two different groups of kindergartners.  Before using APC strategies, avg. score was 32 sounds/min.; after using APC strategies, avg. score was 42 sounds/min.  APC was the only new strategy implemented.
 

Date

District Rank

Area

Scores (sounds/minute)

Winter '04

3rd

Letter sounds

32

 

2nd

Growth (fall to winter)

 

Fall '05

All three kindergarten teachers applied APC strategies

 

Winter '06

1st

Letter sounds

42

 

1st

Growth

 

Winter '07

1st

Letter sounds

37

 

1st

Growth

 

Spring '07

Lincoln closed due to declining district enrollment

 

 

Pillsbury Elementary, Minneapolis Public Schools, MN

After scoring lower than the top 20 schools, the kindergartners scored third in the district.

Date

District Rank

Area

Scores (sounds/min.)

Winter '06

Lower than 20th

Letter sounds

NA

Fall '06

Two kindergarten teachers applied APC strategies

 

Winter '07

3rd 

Letter sounds

32

 

5th

Growth (fall to winter)

 

 

Kenwood Com/PAM Elementary, Minneapolis Public Schools

The kindergartners outscored all 40+ schools. Prior to using APC strategies, avg. score was 28 sounds/min;
after using APC strategies, avg. score was 42 sounds/min. 

Date District Rank Scores (sounds/min.)
Winter '06 4th (tied) 32
Winter '07 10th 28
Fall '07 One kindergarten teacher applied APC strategies  
Winter '08 1st 42


Sight Word Recognition

Excelsior Elementary, Minnetonka Public Schools


One class of kindergartners substantially outscored the teacher's previous year's class.

Date Research Class Date Control Class
Sept '10 0 Sept '09 0
Nov '10 Teacher applied APC strategies   No APC
Mar '11 90% achieved 89% or more Mar 10 70% achieved 89% or more


Reading Fluency

 Wright Elementary, Des Moines Public Schools, IA (M.A. thesis)

A 4th grade class significantly outscored another in the same school in three months.

Date Research Class
Score (avg. words/min.)
Control Class
Score (avg. words/min.
Aug '09 86 80.7
Fall '09 Teacher applied APC strategies No APC
Dec '09 99.6 84.2
Avg. increase 13.6 3.5

   
Mathematics

Wenonah Elementary, Minneapolis Public Schools, MN

A 3rd grade class caught up to and surpassed another on timed multiplication tests.

Date Research Class
Score (avg. correct/200)
Control Class
Score (avg. correct/200)
Fall '05 Music teacher applied APC strategies No APC
Fall '05 27 32
Spring '06 92 71


Park Avenue Elementary, Des Moines Public Schools, IA

A 5thgrade class made dramatic improvement on timed multiplication tests. 

Date Process Score
(avg. correct out of 30 in 1 min.)
Improvement
Sept '10 Pre-test 8  
Nov '10 Pre-test 12 4
Nov'10 Teacher applied APC Strategies    
Jan '11 Post-test 22 10